Technology

Artificial Intelligence– Adding to Human Intellect

The start of anything comes with the end of something else. Humans are blessed with the unique characteristic of self-awareness which motivates them to create something to make their lives easier.  The human brain itself is a machine, and constant signaling by neurons to this machine can make it tense, anxious, and ultimately inefficient. AI was developed to make daily decisions and the life of this machine easier, so focus on its works. If AI takes over these things entirely, there will be a leap in the evolution of human consciousness.

Phones have now become an integral part of our lives. From scanning the surroundings and clicking the pictures to understanding the languages which boost Google features, Artificial Intelligence has proved to be very beneficial for us, and is further being developed by researchers to become more energy efficient. AI is required in medical research and has made tremendous contributions to health care, as AI applications are helpful in analysing certain problems which doctors sometimes cannot identify. From providing X-ray readings to personalized medicines, AI is a now a standard part of medicine and diagnosis, as machine learning is enabling doctors to use the huge quantities of data to make more personalized decisions to treat a patient. Further, doctors and researchers are applying AI and machine learning to improve cancer diagnosis and treatment– research on whether computers can detect the breast cancer in mammograms much before humans can is going on in full swing. According to Beck, a pathologist at Harvard Medical School, the combination of human and AI in case of cancer treatments can reduce the expert’s error by 85 percent.

Due to an increase in cases of depression, stress, anxiety, bipolar disorder and many other mental illnesses among young adults, researchers are working on making a tool for primary care doctors to screen their patients for mental conditions. This device will allow the patients to record themselves during their appointments via their smartphones. Moreover, in 2015, a team of researchers developed an AI system that can accurately identify which infant will develop a case of psychosis later in life, simply by analysing their speech.
Jeff Bezos might have never thought of how an American electronic commerce and cloud computing company founded by him would become one of the fastest growing online retail stores in the world; how fascinating it is to see the biggest collection of clothes, books, accessories, magazines, shoes and several other things on the screens of the phones in our hands. With its algorithms being refined every year, Amazon has now become adept at predicting our interests and suggesting purchases based on our online behaviour.

Although, no matter how advanced they are, machines never pay attention to the things they like– they can be switched on or off into being ‘alive’, whereas humans display a range of emotions, and behaviour, and are self-aware. We aren’t bound by the circumstances imposed on us and can transcend physical boundaries imposed by a conditioned brain. Therefore, it is really disheartening to know that people are now living like biological robots, dependent on AI to even think. They are forgetting the art of looking the world through their own minds and introspect to find their true selves. How can humans create something which has affected their lives in an almost uncontrolled manner? How can they give birth to danger– keep their jobs on the line for the sake of development? In our selfish world, it is hard to believe that humans are so foolhardy so as to continue working on AI, even if it threatens their livelihoods. A computer is a man-made product. It can’t recognize the errors in its programs by itself, but a human can predict their ‘programs’ every day for higher values.

Napoleon Hill, a prominent writer, talked about the “changed world” in his book ‘Think and Grow Rich‘ He talks about how his son was born without ears, and even though doctors gave up on his son, he did not. He kept trying to make his son listen to nature, and after years of disappointment, his son came into the possession of another electrical hearing device– he could finally hear the music of the world, and possessed evidence of the changed world; nature can correct some of its errors, but man can correct more. Adapting to change is the key to evolution. As Albert Einstein said, “The measure of intelligence is the ability to change”. The same goes with Artificial Intelligence. Most of the software engineers and scientists agree that AI is in its infancy state. A piece of software has AI due to an algorithm that responds to an individual on the basis of pre-defined inputs or user behaviours– that may not be the limit of AI. Machine learning is about making machines learn like humans, and like any other toddler, they have to learn by experience and discover creativity and randomness.

Picture Courtesy- Crowdsourcing Week



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