India, constantly weary from tensions about the state of J&K witnessed a hostile split between the long post-poll coalition marriage of PDP and BJP. The two polar opposites, the Bhartiya Janata Party and the People’s Democratic Party, had been facing hostility and unmatched opinions since a long time. While the end result was expected to be a split in the coalition, BJP very slyly made a timely move post the holy month of Ramzan, after adequate time since the Kathua rape case in order to gain enough time before the Lok Sabha elections in 2020.The coalition was made possible at the start due to the PDP catering to the Muslim population while BJP representing the Hindu population, hence defining a marriage made in the political heaven.
While it was a perfect mix for catering to the dire needs of the population, it was known to become a lethal mix in the future. Especially after the Kathua rape case, where 2 Ministers from BJP were suspended thus reducing their rank and strength in the cabinet, the controversial state of J&K saw the break up coming as the trade-off put PDP in a lucrative position. However, breaking ties immediately after the Kathua issue would have sent the wrong signals and would have portrayed BJP as coward, hence BJP tactfully waited.
Dating back to Burhan Wani’s killing where the BJP and the PDP came to blows over the handling of JKLF militant set a start for the hostile environment. While the centre held that the Wani killing was a big success, Ms. Mufti preferred the situation being handled in a way where Burhan could have been given a second chance. Following this, several instances followed where stark differences between the two parties were produced. However ultimately, the conditions after the recent differences over the extension of the cessation operation against the militants during Ramzan led to an uncontrollable situation of hostility and anguish due to which the end of the coalition had to take place in an expected but unexpectedly manner. This was the tipping point.
The Opposition parties, seeing a prosperous opportunity immediately reacted to the BJP’s decision to pull out of the alliance by putting allegations that the Union government was running away after doing the damage. With political instability at its peak already, accompanied by dark clouds of terrorism, the conditions after the hostile split are bound to get worse. Mehbooba Mufti immediately resigned from the post of CM after the split, thus putting the state into a fix. Given how the numbers stack up in the J&K Assembly, an alternative government without the BJP will need the PDP, the National Conference and the Congress to come together, however Congress, which holds 12 seats in the Assembly, has already ruled out the possibility of an alliance with the PDP and the National Conference and PDP are known to be political rivals. To control the situation, Governor’s rule has been imposed at the moment as N.N. Vohra who is known to be extremely adept at his work is responsible to take charge for the same. However, there is an urgent need for elections to be held.
Studies show that under the rule of the alliance, the state observed the most ceasefire violations, deaths of security personnel and civilians, and the most brutal crimes against humanity. However, utmost credit should be given to BJP for carrying out the surgical strikes in all secrecy, but it is not enough justification for BJP to pull out from the alliance especially when it is doubly responsible for the current condition of J&K since it holds power in the centre also. The people of Jammu and Kashmir have suffered heavily due to the confused and ham-handed policies at the centre and state levels.
Narendra Modi and Amit Shah were well on board with the decision, hence showing the pre-planning that took place.
BJP claims that it had become untenable for BJP to continue. Regardless, some contend that the least BJP could have done is taken PDP into confidence as a responsibility for being an alliance. A coalition government is known to be a unique speciality only offered by multi-party democracies, however the uncalled for split has led to demise of this entire idea. It is not only a split in the alliance but a breach of trust between the voters and the government who invested their vote in a particular party.
The harsh words the two parties have exchanged in the past two years were enough to signal to the fact that the break off was bound to take place. However, it is important for parties to look at the long term goals and people’s welfare instead of short term goals and only election victory. It is extremely crucial for parties in the largest democracy to tackle problems of extremely volatile states like J&K with extreme care. If the state itself is politically unstable, how is it going to fight the dark clouds of terrorism, unemployment and larger problems faced by the state? The entire focus goes into exhaustive politics thus taking away light from the real issues. If nothing else, the inevitable talaaq in J&K has pointed out to the biggest disadvantage of coalition politics thus throwing light at the strengthening vote bank politics and the defabrication of democracy.
Picture Credits: Indianexpress.com